Education

The Alphabet of Polish Sign Language, Part 1 — We teach sign language #1

Learn the alphabet of Polish sign language. The signs are explained by Michał Konwerski.

“We teach you how to sign!” – The Alphabet of Polish Sign Language, Part 1

Hello! The World of the Deaf Foundation, together with the Deaf Development Center, is pleased to announce a new series of films – “We teach to sign!” In the first three films, we will get to know the alphabet of Polish Sign Language. The next films will show us signs related to numbers, family, or many other areas of life. The videos contain many examples of how the signs are used – excerpt from real statements in sign language. These are not scenes recorded for the course, but a living, natural sign language, used by both deaf and hearing people who know PSL. The films themselves, on the other hand, are hosted by different people – deaf, hard of hearing and hearing – thanks to which, from the very beginning, let’s learn about different styles of signing and different ways of teaching sign language.

However, even the best training videos will not replace a real sign language course, where the teacher can adapt to the individual needs of the student. To learn more about PJM courses, go to the Deaf Development Center website (click the link to go to the Deaf Development Center website).

The alphabet of Polish sign language

It’s true that you can learn the entire alphabet in PSL in just 10 or 20 minutes, but soon you can forget it just as quickly. That is why we will learn the alphabet slower and with a lot of repetitions – which will certainly help you remember it for longer!

The letter “A” in Polish Sign Language

First, the letter “A”. You can see how the letter “A” is sign in the picture on the right and the video above – in the film, see the fragment from 50 seconds. When you pass the letter “A”, try not to turn your hand, keep your wrist in front of you. Simple isn’t it?

the letter "A" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "A" in Polish Sign Language

Do we sign with the right or the left hand?

In the beginning, a fun fact: you can spell in sign language with any hand. If you are right-handed, it will certainly be easier for you to blink with your right hand, and if you are left-handed – with your left hand. You will surely quickly notice that many signs require both hands.

Sign language uppercase and lowercase letters

One more interesting fact – capital and small letters sign the same. The conversation usually does not mention whether the letter being spelt is upper or lower case. Of course, there are cases when we need it – for example when we try to spell a password for someone. In another video, you will learn how to show in sign language that something is small or large.

The letter “B” in Polish Sign Language

Second letter – “B”. You can see her in the picture on the right. In the video, it is a fragment from 2 minutes, 13 seconds. You already know two letters – A and B – from them we can spell the first words: BABA (ang. grammer) and ABBA. Try to spell these words. In the video, you can see if you did it right.

the letter "B" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "B" in Polish Sign Language

The letter “C” in Polish Sign Language

The next letter – “C”. See the picture. The sign beginning with the letter “C” is intuitive, isn’t it? You can understand it even without knowing sign language. In the video, you will find it at 3 minutes, 9 seconds. So let’s try to spell the next words: CBA (acronym), BACA (shepherd).

the letter "C" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "C" in Polish Sign Language

The word “alphabet” in sign language

You’ve surely noticed the subtitles in the video that translate the characters literally – and you’ve probably noticed that the word “ABC” is displayed now and then – what does it mean? ABC stands for “alphabet”.

How do we sign the word "alphabet" in Polish Sign Language?
How do we sign the word "alphabet" in Polish Sign Language?

The letter “M” in Polish Sign Language

Next letter – M. You can see it in the picture on the right. In the video, it is a fragment from 4 minutes, 24 seconds.

the letter "M" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "M" in Polish Sign Language

“Mama” (mom) in sign language

You already known the letters “M” and “A” we can spell the word “mama”. Of course, deaf children do not spell the word “mama” when addressing their mother. There is a separate sign for this. In the video, it is a fragment from 5 minutes, 6 seconds. Notice the facial expressions and lips of Michael as he shows the “mama” sign.

The first word of the little ones, hear When babies are born there is usually the word “mama” and it is exactly the same with deaf children – their first word is “mama”.

The letter “N” in Polish Sign Language

Next letter – N. Similar to “M” “right? In the video, this is the excerpt from 5:44. The words you can spell based on the characters you already know are BANAN (banana) and MANNA (semolina).

the letter "N" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "N" in Polish Sign Language

The letter “O” in Polish Sign Language

Next letter – O. When learning the alphabet, it is important to show the signs accurately. It is especially important with the letter “O” – you will find out later why this is so. The letter “O” in the video can be found in the excerpt from 7:05. You can now spell the word BOMBA (bomb). The letter “O” in Polish Sign Language

the letter "O" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "O" in Polish Sign Language

The letter “R” in Polish Sign Language

Another letter – R. I have two words that we spell together – okay? First: ROMAN (men’s name). The second word is: RANO (morning). In the video, this is the excerpt from 8:39.

the letter "R" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "R" in Polish Sign Language

How to make bravo in sign language?

Bravo! You already know the 7 letters in PSL. Do the deaf clap while applauding? Do deaf people applaud at all? Of course, applause is known in sign language, only that it is not “clapped” but shown. See how Michał showed it. He did it sensational. This is an excerpt from the video from 10:34 am.

The letter “W” and “website” in Polish sign language

You already know how to show “bravo” in sign language. And if you know the letter “W” you can also spell it. Try it: BRAVO (Bravo). What happens when you show the letter “W” three times? “www”, and this is how deaf people sign webside.

the letter w in Polish Sign Language
the letter "W" in Polish Sign Language

The letter “K” in Polish Sign Language

Next letter – K. You can see an arrow in the picture, because you have to make a certain hand movement when the letter “K” is signing. You can see it in the video – you will find this fragment from 11:14. Now try spelling the word MAKARON (pasta)

Litera „K” w polskim języku migowym
Litera „K” w polskim języku migowym

The letter “I” in Polish Sign Language

Next letter – I. You can spell the word MINA (mien). You will find the letter “i” in the video from 12:20.

the letter "I" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "I" in Polish Sign Language

The letter “J” in Polish Sign Language

Next letter – J. To sign “j” you need to make some hand movement. In the picture on the right it is shown by an arrow. If you would like to see Michał signing, watch the video from 13 minutes on. The word to practice is MAJ (May).

the letter "J" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "J" in Polish Sign Language

The letter “L” in Polish Sign Language

The letter “L” is perhaps one of the most intuitive signs in sign language. Look at the “L” – capitalized – how would you show it? The words to spell are ROLA (role) and LALKA (doll).

the letter "L" in Polish Sign Language
the letter "L" in Polish Sign Language

The word “athletics” in sign language

Fun fact: did you know that the word “athletics”, deaf people flash “LA”? Watch it in the video, from 15 minutes!

Repetition

Kuba will do a brief repetition of all the letters and words learned today. You will find them in the video from 15:48. You liked this video – write it in the comment below the video on YouTube! If you are not sure if you signed correctly or want to show off how good it is for you, record a short video and post it in the commentary on the Deaf ‘s World profile on Facebook! We also invite you for more sign language to the website of the Deaf’s Development Center, where we offer sign language courses – you can find a link to it here! Get ready for the next video.

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