History

How was the International Day of the Deaf established?

How was the International Day of the Deaf established? Nikola Śliwa explains in Polish Sign Language (PJM).

How was the International Day of the Deaf established?

This holiday was established in 1958 by the World Federation of the Deaf. Why was the last Sunday of September chosen for this holiday? This date was chosen as a way to commemorate the founding of the World Federation of the Deaf. The Federation was established on September 23, 1951, in Rome, during the first World Congress of the Deaf, initiated by an Italian association.

The Federation is an international non-governmental organization, bringing together national associations working for the deaf and hard of hearing.

The First World Congress of the Deaf

At the first World Congress, only delegates from 25 national associations were present. Currently, according to information on the Federation’s website, ordinary members represent 125 countries across five continents. Since the late 1950s, the Federation has been collaborating with the United Nations. The Federation has played a significant role in promoting and developing the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), which was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2006 and came into effect in 2008.

Thanks to the adoption of this convention, various regulations have been implemented, including in Poland. For example, in 2019, the Accessibility Act was passed, imposing minimum requirements that public institutions must meet.

So, do you celebrate this day in any way? Do you think it’s an important holiday? If so, how do you think we should commemorate this day? Share your opinions in the comments! Thank you for watching. Goodbye!

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